Stabilization of one-dimensional solitons against the critical collapse by quintic nonlinear lattices

Jianhua Zeng, Boris A. Malomed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It has recently been discovered that stabilization of two-dimensional (2D) solitons against the critical collapse in media with cubic nonlinearity by means of nonlinear lattices (NLs) is a challenging problem. We address the one-dimensional (1D) version of the problem, i.e., the nonlinear- Schrödinger equation (NLSE) with quintic or cubic-quintic (CQ) terms, the coefficients in front of which are periodically modulated in space. The models may be realized in optics and Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs). Stability diagrams for the solitons are produced by means of numerical methods and analytical approximations. It is found that the sinusoidal NL stabilizes solitons supported by the quintic-only nonlinearity in a narrow stripe in the respective parameter plane, contrary to the case of the cubic nonlinearity in 2D, where the stabilization of solitons by smooth spatial modulations is not possible at all. The stability region is much broader in the 1D CQ model, where higher-order solitons may be stable too.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023824
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Feb 2012

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