ST deviation pattern and infarct-related artery in acute myocardial infarction

David Rott, Johannes Nowatzky, A. Teddy Weiss, Tova Chajek-Shaul, David Leibowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) may be classified as ST-elevation MI (STEMI) or non-ST-elevation MI (NSTEMI). There is little data regarding the relationship between the infarct related artery (IRA), clinical characteristics of the patients, and the ST deviation pattern (ie, STEMI or NSTEMI). Hypothesis: There is a predilection of any coronary artery to a particular ST deviation pattern of acute MI. Methods: We reviewed our institutional database and selected patients who presented with an acute MI and underwent coronary angiography within 7 days of admission. The analysis included 830 patients of whom 563 had STEMI and 267 had NSTEMI. The culprit lesion was defined by reviewing each patient's angiographic report, electrocardiogram, and echocardiogram. TIMI flow rate was determined. Results: The IRA in STEMI was most frequently the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) followed by the right coronary artery (RCA) and then the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX), a statistically significant difference. In patients with NSTEMI there were no significant differences in IRA. Patients with STEMI and LCX as the IRA were significantly younger and had a higher percentage of TIMI grade 3 flow then patients with STEMI and LAD or RCA as IRAs. These differences were not noted in patients with NSTEMI regardless of IRA. Conclusions: In STEMI there were significant differences in age and TIMI flow depending on the IRA. These findings were not demonstrated in patients with NSTEMI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E29-E32
JournalClinical Cardiology
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

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