We consider a two-dimensional (2D) nonlinear Schrödinger equation with self-focusing nonlinearity and a quasi-1D double-channel potential, i.e., a straightforward 2D extension of the well-known double-well potential. The model may be realized in terms of nonlinear optics and Bose-Einstein condensates. The variational approximation (VA) predicts a bifurcation breaking the symmetry of 2D solitons trapped in the double channel, the bifurcation being of the subcritical type. The predictions of the VA are confirmed by numerical simulations. The work presents an original example of the spontaneous symmetry breaking of 2D solitons in dual-core systems.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - 21 Jun 2007|