Spontaneous ovulation versus HCG triggering for timing natural-cycle frozen-thawed embryo transfer: A randomized study

Ariel Weissman, Eran Horowitz, Amir Ravhon, Zohar Steinfeld, Ravit Mutzafi, Avraham Golan, David Levran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In ovulatory patients, frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) is commonly performed during a natural cycle (NC). The objective was to compare serial monitoring until documentation of ovulation with human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) triggering, for timing NC-FET. Sixty women with regular menstrual cycles undergoing NC-FET were randomized into two groups: group A (n = 30) had FET in a natural cycle after ovulation triggering with HCG; group B (n = 30) had FET in a natural cycle after detection of spontaneous ovulation. The main outcome measure was the number of monitoring visits at the clinic per cycle. Secondary outcome measures included implantation rate, clinical pregnancy and live-birth rates. Both groups were similar in terms of demographic characteristics and reproductive history. Clinical and laboratory characteristics of fresh and frozen cycles and pregnancy and delivery rates were comparable for both groups. The number of monitoring visits in group A (3.2 ± 1.4) was significantly lower than in group B (4.7 ± 1.6) (P = 0.002). In patients undergoing NC-FET, triggering ovulation by HCG can significantly reduce the number of visits necessary for cycle monitoring without an adverse effect on cycle outcome. Ovulation triggering can increase both patient convenience and cycle cost effectiveness. In patients with regular cycles, frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) is commonly performed during a natural cycle (NC). The objective was to compare serial monitoring until documentation of ovulation with human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) triggering, for timing NC-FET. Sixty women with regular menstrual cycles undergoing NC-FET were randomized into two groups: group A (n = 30) had FET in a natural cycle after ovulation triggering with HCG; group B (n = 30) had FET in a natural cycle after detection of spontaneous ovulation. The main outcome measure was the number of monitoring visits at the clinic per cycle. Secondary outcome measures included pregnancy and live birth rates. Patients in both groups were similar in terms of demographic characteristics and reproductive history. Clinical and laboratory characteristics of fresh and frozen cycles were also found comparable for both groups, as were pregnancy and delivery rates. The number of monitoring visits in group A (3.2 ± 1.4) was significantly lower than in group B (4.7 ± 1.6) (P = 0.002). Thus, each patient that received HCG had saved approximately 1.5 visits at the clinic in preparation for FET. In patients undergoing NC-FET, triggering ovulation by HCG can significantly reduce the number of visits necessary for cycle monitoring without an adverse effect on cycle outcome. Ovulation triggering can increase both patient convenience and cycle cost effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-489
Number of pages6
JournalReproductive BioMedicine Online
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • IVF
  • frozen-thawed embryo transfer
  • monitoring
  • natural cycle
  • ovulation

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