Splitting of nonlinear-Schrödinger-equation breathers by linear and nonlinear localized potentials

Oleksandr V. Marchukov, Boris A. Malomed, Vladimir A. Yurovsky, Maxim Olshanii, Vanja Dunjko, Randall G. Hulet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We consider evolution of one-dimensional nonlinear-Schrödinger (NLS) two-soliton complexes (breathers) with narrow repulsive or attractive potentials (barrier or well, respectively). By means of systematic simulations, we demonstrate that the breather may either split into constituent fundamental solitons (fragments) moving in opposite directions or bounce as a whole from the barrier. A critical initial position of the breather, which separates these scenarios, is predicted by an analytical approximation. The narrow potential well tends to trap the fragment with the larger amplitude, while the other one escapes. The interaction of the breather with a nonlinear potential barrier is also considered. The ratio of amplitudes of the emerging free solitons may be different from the 3:1 value suggested by the exact NLS solution, especially in the case of the nonlinear potential barrier. Postsplitting velocities of escaping solitons may be predicted by an approximation based on the energy balance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063623
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume99
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jun 2019

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