Split-hand phenomenon in motor neuron diseases: Sonographic assesment of muscle thickness

Alon Abraham, Yaara Fainmesser, Vivian E. Drory, Vera Bril

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To explore the diagnostic accuracy of the split-hand index (SHI) for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) using sonographic assessment of muscle thickness. Methods: We performed a prospective sonographic assessment of hand muscle thickness in 59 controls, 87 patients with ALS, and 33 patients with SMA. We determined the diagnostic accuracy of SHI for differentiating patients with ALS and SMA from controls. Results: Patients with ALS and SMA had significantly lower muscle thickness and SHI values compared with controls. SHI showed excellent diagnostic accuracy for differentiating ALS from controls, and good diagnostic accuracy for differentiating SMA from controls. Conclusions: SHI determined by sonographic measurement of hand muscle thickness seems to be a promising tool for the diagnosis of ALS and may be added easily when performing neuromuscular ultrasound. Significance: SHI determined by sonographic measurement of hand muscle thickness can differentiate between healthy subjects and patients with ALS and SMA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1721-1725
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume131
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • ALS
  • Muscle thickness
  • Muscle ultrasound
  • Neuromuscular ultrasound
  • SMA
  • Split-hand

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