We provide an experimental proof of concept for a robust, continuously rotating microstructure - consisting of two metallodielectric (gold-polystyrene) Janus particles rigidly attached to each other - which is driven in uniform ac fields by asymmetric induced-charge electro-osmosis. The pairs (doublets) are stabilized on the substrate surface which is parallel to the plane of view and normal to the direction of the applied electric field. We find that the radius of orbit and angular velocity of the pair are predominantly dependent on the relative orientations of the interfaces between the metallic and dielectric hemispheres and that the electrohydrodynamic particle-particle interactions are small. Additionally, we verify that both the angular and linear velocities of the pair are proportional to the square of the applied field which is consistent with the theory for nonlinear electrokinetics. A simple kinematic rigid body model is used to predict the paths and doublet velocities (angular and linear) based on their relative orientations with good agreement.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - 16 Jan 2014|