We describe five cases of children with ventriculoperitoneal shunt who underwent abdominal and perineal procedures under spinal anesthesia. Four of them had been born prematurely, and all had suffered from severe neonatal complications. All of our patients suffered from severe respiratory impairment, that had required mechanical ventilation, and three of them suffered additionally from apnea of prematurity. Four patients had ventriculoperitoneal shunt inserted because of obstructive hydrocephalus and one because of congenital central nervous system anomalies. Two underwent subsequently shunt revision. The benefits of spinal anesthesia in this high-risk population are described. The risks of spinal anesthesia in the presence of a ventricular shunt device, especially infection and dural leakage, are discussed, and the literature about this topic briefly reviewed.
- Spinal anesthesia
- Ventriculoperitoneal shunt