Sperm donation - Should the use of frozen-thawed semen alter treatment modalities?

D. Meirow*, J. G. Schenker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Today the common practice for donor insemination is to use frozen-thawed semen. Semen should be quarantined while the donor is retested for sexually transmitted diseases in general and human immune deficiency virus (HIV) in particular. Semen properties are changed during the freezing-thawing procedure. Literature review and our experience concerning treatment modalities with frozen-thawed semen are presented. Donor insemination with fresh semen was practiced for years, and most of our knowledge concerning modes of treatment, insemination timing, and success rate were based upon this experience. Criteria concerning semen quality, ovulation monitoring, semen preparation, timing and frequency of insemination, methods of insemination, and success rates might all be influenced by the properties of the frozen-thawed semen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-331
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Fertility
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • artificial insemination donor (AID)
  • frozen-thawed semen


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