Two approaches are described for the localization and quantification of biotin transport components in yeast cells. One approach is based on tracing the fate of a radioactive affinity label for the biotin transport system, [14C]-biotinyl-p-nitrophenyl ester (pBNP), through various stages of subcellular fractionations. A complementary method involves the use of a biotinderivatized, impermeant, electron-dense, affinity-cytochemical label (ferritin-biotin conjugates) for subsequent visualization by electron microscopy. Values of approximately 8,000 and 4,000 sites/cell, respectively, were achieved by the two methods. Complicating factors, future perspectives and the relevance of the two methods to the isolation of transport components are discussed.