Species composition of Alcyonacea (Octocorallia) on coral reefs at Europa Island and associated connectivity across the Mozambique Channel

M. H. Schleyer*, N. J. Downey-Breedt, Y. Benayahu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The soft coral fauna (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) on reefs around Europa Island (Western Indian Ocean) were surveyed in 2016. The species richness was rather low for a protected, relatively pristine environment in the region. While certain ‘fugitive’ alcyonacean species were noticeably abundant, other soft corals were rare or absent. Since Europa Island is remote and isolated, connectivity was thus investigated with other alcyonacean communities in the Mozambique Channel by particle transport modelling. This revealed that, while the north-west coast of Madagascar appears well-connected with the northern Mozambique coast, the most likely source of soft coral recruits at Europa Island would be the Tulear region further south in Madagascar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2485-2491
Number of pages7
JournalMarine Biodiversity
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Cohen Chair
Israel Cohen Chair in Environmental Zoology
National Research Foundation Grant
Military Health System
National Research Foundation of Korea
Tel Aviv University
European Regional Development Fund
Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises
Agence Française de Développement

    Keywords

    • East Africa
    • Larval dispersal
    • Madagascar
    • Oceanographic eddies
    • Particle transport modelling
    • Soft corals
    • Western Indian Ocean

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