Spatially-averaged turbulent flow over cubical roughness in wave-current co-existing environment

Santosh Kumar Singh, Koustuv Debnath*, Bijoy S. Mazumder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper describes an experimental study carried out in a laboratory flume to investigate the interaction of surface-wave with unidirectional current over cube mounted rough-bed (3D flow). The cubes were made of wood and were positioned at the channel-bed with different spacing. The spacing was chosen to represent different roughness types under different spacing conditions as: isolated roughness flow, wake interference flow and skimming flow. The three-dimensional velocity field was measured by an acoustic Doppler velocimetre (ADV). The study particularly focused on the changes induced in the spatially-averaged velocity profiles, turbulence intensities and Reynolds shear stress due to the superposition of waves of different frequencies on current-induced flow. Spatially-averaged velocity profiles show two distinct distributions: linear or exponential distribution below the roughness crest and logarithmic distribution above the roughness crest. It is found that the shift of the velocity profile depends strongly on the spacing of roughness elements. The profile of stream-wise turbulence intensity changes significantly below the roughness crest due to presence of surface wave, whereas bottom-normal spatially-averaged turbulence intensity does not change much with increase in wave frequency. Within the roughness crest near the bottom, the form-induced shear stress changes significantly from negative to positive value with change in roughness spacing, but is not affected much due to the presence of surface-wave.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-85
Number of pages9
JournalCoastal Engineering
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • ADV
  • Double averaging
  • Roughness
  • Turbulent flow
  • Velocity profile
  • Wave-current interaction


Dive into the research topics of 'Spatially-averaged turbulent flow over cubical roughness in wave-current co-existing environment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this