Spatial delocalization in para-H2 clusters

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Abstract

We applied the quantum path integral Monte Carlo method for the study of (para-H2)N (N=5-33) clusters at T = 2 K, exploring static and dynamic order, which originates from the effects of zero-point energy, kinetic energy, and thermal fluctuations in quantum clusters. Information on dynamic structure was inferred from the asymptotic tails of the cage correlation function calculated from the centroid Monte Carlo trajectory. The centroid cage correlation function decays to zero for large clusters (N = 15-33), manifesting the interchange of molecules between different solvation shells, with statistically diminishing back interchange. Further evidence for the floppiness of para-hydrogen clusters emerges from the Monte Carlo evolution of the centroid of a tagged molecule, which exhibits significant changes in the list of its first and second solvation shells due to the interchange of molecules between these shells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18893-18897
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume110
Issue number38
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Sep 2006

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