Spatial and object-based attention modulates broadband high-frequency responses across the human visual cortical hierarchy

Ido Davidesco, Michal Harel, Michal Ramot, Uri Kramer, Svetlana Kipervasser, Fani Andelman, Miri Y. Neufeld, Gadi Goelman, Itzhak Fried, Rafael Malach*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


One of the puzzling aspects in the visual attention literature is the discrepancy between electrophysiological and fMRI findings: whereas fMRI studies reveal strong attentional modulation in the earliest visual areas, single-unit and local field potential studies yielded mixed results. In addition, it is not clear to what extent spatial attention effects extend from early to high-order visual areas. Here we addressed these issues using electrocorticography recordings in epileptic patients. The patients performed a task that allowed simultaneous manipulation of both spatial and object-based attention. They were presented with composite stimuli, consisting of a small object (face or house) superimposed on a large one, and in separate blocks, were instructed to attend one of the objects. We found a consistent increase in broadband high-frequency (30 -90 Hz) power, but not in visual evoked potentials, associated with spatial attention starting with V1/V2 and continuing throughout the visual hierarchy. The magnitude of the attentional modulation was correlated with the spatial selectivity of each electrode and its distance from the occipital pole. Interestingly, the latency of the attentional modulation showed a significant decrease along the visual hierarchy. In addition, electrodes placed over high-order visual areas (e.g., fusiform gyrus) showed both effects of spatial and object-based attention. Overall, our results help to reconcile previous observations of discrepancy between fMRI and electrophysiology. They also imply that spatial attention effects can be found both in early and high-order visual cortical areas, in parallel with their stimulus tuning properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1228-1240
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number3
StatePublished - 16 Jan 2013


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