An improved procedure for isolation and purification of acetylcholine receptor from Torpedo californica electroplax membranes is described. The purified material contains the neurotransmitter recognition site and a second binding subsite which complexes inorganic cations and bis-quaternary cholinergic analogs. In addition to the transmitter recognition site the isolated macromolecule contains the molecular features necessary for ion-translocation during postsynaptic depolarization, since a chemically excitable membrane can be formed from purified acetylcholine receptor and Torpedo phospholipids.
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