Somatostatin receptor (SSTR) subtype-selective analogues differentially suppress in vitro growth hormone and prolactin in human pituitary adenomas: Novel potential therapy for functional pituitary tumors

Ilan Shimon, Xinmin Yan, John E. Taylor, Martin H. Weiss, Michael D. Culler, Shlomo Melmed*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previously, we have shown somatostatin receptor (SSTR) subtype-specific regulation of growth hormone (GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone, and prolactin (PRL) secretion in human fetal pituitary cultures, where GH and thyroid- stimulating hormone are mediated by both SSTR2 and SSTR5, whereas SSTR2 preferentially mediates PRL secretion. We now tested SSTR subtype-selective analogues in primary human GH- and PRL-secreting pituitary adenoma cultures. Analogue affinities determined by membrane radioligand binding in cells stably expressing human SSTR forms were either SSTR2 or SSTR5-selective. Analogues preferential either for SSTR2, including octreotide, lanreotide, and novel compounds with improved affinity for SSTR2, or new SSTR5-selective compounds suppressed GH in tumor cell cultures (up to 44% of control; P < 0.0005). However, novel analogues from both groups were 30-40% more potent than octreotide and lanreotide in suppressing GH (P < 0.05). Heterologous analogue combinations containing both SSTR2-and SSTR5-selective compounds were more potent in decreasing GH than analogues used alone (P < 0.05), or than combinations of compounds specific for the same receptor subtype (P < 0.005). In contrast, SSTR2-selective analogues did not suppress PRL release from six cultured prolactinomas studied. However, new SSTR5-selective analogues suppressed in vitro PRL secretion (30-40%; P < 0.05) in four of six prolactinomas. These results suggest that both SSTR2 and SSTR5 are involved in GH regulation in somatotroph adenoma cells, whereas SSTR5 exclusively regulates PRL secretion from prolactinoma cells. Thus, somatostatin analogues with improved selective binding affinity for these receptor subtypes may be effective in the treatment of either GH- or PRL-secreting adenomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2386-2392
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume100
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acromegaly
  • Growth hormone
  • Prolactin
  • Prolactinoma
  • Somatostatin receptor

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