The aim of this study was (a) to measure soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors (sTNF-Rs) and soluble interleukin-6 receptor (sIL-6-R) in coelomic and amniotic fluids, cord and maternal sera in pregnancy and labor, (b) to examine whether the changes in concentrations of biologically active TNF and IL-6 are related to changes in their soluble receptors, and (c) to determine if levels of soluble receptors in pre-eclamptic disorders differ from normal pregnancies at delivery. Materials collected from 206 women during pregnancy and at delivery were analyzed for soluble receptors by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). All receptors were present in higher concentrations in coelomic than in the corresponding amniotic fluid. Concentrations increased in amniotic fluid from first to second trimester. The level of sIL-6-R then remained unchanged to term, but there was a decrease in the sTNF-Rs which might account for the simultaneous appearance of bioactive TNF. Labor did not affect the concentration of any receptor in amniotic fluid. In maternal serum, sTNF-Rs increased with gestational age and labor in parallel with IL-6. The origin and physiological importance of these soluble receptors are still unknown. In pre-eclamptic disorders p55 sTNF-R was elevated in maternal serum before initiation of labor compared to normal pregnancy.
- Amniotic fluid
- Extraembryonic coelomic fluid
- Interleukin-6 receptor
- Tumor necrosis factor receptors