Solitons in PT-symmetric systems with spin–orbit coupling and critical nonlinearity

Gennadiy Burlak, Zhaopin Chen*, Boris A. Malomed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We construct families of one-dimensional (1D) stable solitons in two-component PT-symmetric systems with spin–orbit coupling (SOC) and quintic nonlinearity, which plays the critical role in 1D setups. The system models light propagation in a dual-core waveguide with skewed coupling between the cores. Stability regions for the solitons are identified in the system's parameter space. They include the main semi-infinite gap, and an additional finite annex gap. Stability boundaries are identified by means of simulations of the perturbed evolution, which agree with results produced by the linear-stability analysis for small perturbations. Distinct evolution scenarios are identified for unstable solitons. Generally, they suffer blowup or decay, while weakly unstable solitons transform into breathers. Due to a regularizing effect of SOC, stationary solitons are also found beyond the exceptional point, at which the PT symmetry breaks down, but they are unstable. Interactions between adjacent solitons are explored too, featuring rebound or merger followed by blowup. Slowly moving (tilted) solitons develop weak oscillations, while fast ones are completely unstable. Also considered is the reduced diffractionless system, which creates only unstable solitons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106282
JournalCommunications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation
Volume109
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Dual-core waveguides
  • Parity–time symmetry
  • Quintic nonlinearity
  • Spin–orbit interaction
  • Townes solitons

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