TY - JOUR

T1 - Solitons in nonlinear fiber couplers with two orthogonal polarizations

AU - Lakoba, T. I.

AU - Kaup, D. J.

AU - Malomed, B. A.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - We consider a model of two coupled nonlinear optical fibers with two polarizations in each fiber. This study only considers the two cases when the polarization of the light in each fiber is either linear or circular. We use the variational method to find families of stationary solitary waves (solitons) of this model. In particular, we demonstrate that the variational method can be used in a universal fashion to find certain types of bifurcations of the stationary solutions. All the families of solitons that we find can be classified in three groups:m(i) core-symmetric solitons that have equal energies in each core, (ii) core-asymmetric solitons that for large values of the energy have most of the energy concentrated in one core, and (iii) core-asymmetric solitons for which the ratio of the energies in the two cores remains finite when the total energy of the soliton becomes very large. The first two groups of solitons have direct analogs with solitons of the nonlinear fiber coupler that has only one polarization in each core. We also briefly discuss the stability properties of the various solitons found.

AB - We consider a model of two coupled nonlinear optical fibers with two polarizations in each fiber. This study only considers the two cases when the polarization of the light in each fiber is either linear or circular. We use the variational method to find families of stationary solitary waves (solitons) of this model. In particular, we demonstrate that the variational method can be used in a universal fashion to find certain types of bifurcations of the stationary solutions. All the families of solitons that we find can be classified in three groups:m(i) core-symmetric solitons that have equal energies in each core, (ii) core-asymmetric solitons that for large values of the energy have most of the energy concentrated in one core, and (iii) core-asymmetric solitons for which the ratio of the energies in the two cores remains finite when the total energy of the soliton becomes very large. The first two groups of solitons have direct analogs with solitons of the nonlinear fiber coupler that has only one polarization in each core. We also briefly discuss the stability properties of the various solitons found.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031142471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.55.6107

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.55.6107

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AN - SCOPUS:0031142471

SN - 1063-651X

VL - 55

SP - 6107

EP - 6120

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

IS - 5

ER -