Solar hybrid steam injection gas turbine (STIG) cycle

Maya Livshits, Abraham Kribus*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


Solar heat at moderate temperatures around 200. °C can be utilized for augmentation of conventional steam-injection gas turbine power plants. Solar concentrating collectors for such an application can be simpler and less expensive than collectors used for current solar power plants. We perform a thermodynamic analysis of this hybrid cycle. High levels of steam-to-air ratio are investigated, leading to high power augmentation compared to the simple cycle and to conventional STIG. The Solar Fraction can reach up to 50% at the highest augmentation levels. The overall conversion efficiency from heat to electricity (average over fuel and solar contributions) can be in the range of 40-55% for typical candidate turbines. The incremental efficiency (corresponding to the added steam beyond conventional STIG) is in the range of 22-37%, corresponding to solar-to-electricity efficiency of about 15-24%, similar to and even exceeding current solar power plants using higher temperature collectors. The injected water can be recovered and recycled leading to very low water consumption of the cycle, but a very low cost condenser is required to make water recovery feasible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-199
Number of pages10
JournalSolar Energy
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012


  • Hybrid cycle
  • Linear Fresnel
  • Parabolic trough
  • STIG cycle
  • Steam injection


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