Social aspects of suicidal behavior and prevention in early life: A review

Maya Amitai, Alan Apter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The present review summarizes the updated literature on the social aspects of suicidal behavior and prevention in adolescents. Recent findings: The predictive role of psychiatric disorders and past history are well recognized in adolescent suicide, but the role of social and cultural factors is less clear. Studies have focused on the importance of ethnicity, gender, family characteristics, and socioeconomic status. More recently, attention has been addressed to broader social risk factors, such as bullying in adolescents, suicide contagion, sexual orientation, and the popular media. Further empirical evidence is needed to advance our understanding of suicidal youth, develop better assessment tools, and formulate effective prevention and treatment programs. Summary: Suicidal behavior remains an important clinical problem and major cause of death in youth. Social factors may be at least as important as genetics. Advancing our understanding of underlying cultural and sociological issues in youth suicide will help clinicians achieve more efficient prediction, prevention and treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)985-994
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Bullying
  • Cultural
  • Risk factors
  • Social
  • Suicide

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