SN 2015ba: A Type IIP supernova with a long plateau

Raya Dastidar, Kuntal Misra, G. Hosseinzadeh, A. Pastorello, M. L. Pumo, S. Valenti, C. McCully, L. Tomasella, I. Arcavi, N. Elias-Rosa, Mridweeka Singh, Anjasha Gangopadhyay, D. A. Howell, Antonia Morales-Garoffolo, L. Zampieri, Brijesh Kumar, M. Turatto, S. Benetti, L. Tartaglia, P. OchnerD. K. Sahu, G. C. Anupama, S. B. Pandey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present optical photometry and spectroscopy from about a week after explosion to ~272 d of an atypical Type IIP supernova, SN 2015ba, which exploded in the edge-on galaxy IC 1029. SN 2015ba is a luminous event with an absolute V-band magnitude of -17.1 ± 0.2 mag at 50 d since explosion and has a long plateau lasting for ~123 d. The distance to the SN is estimated to be 34.8±0.7Mpc using the expanding photosphere and standard candlemethods. High-velocity H Balmer components constant with time are observed in the late-plateau phase spectra of SN 2015ba, which suggests a possible role of circumstellar interaction at these phases. Both hydrodynamical and analytical modelling suggest a massive progenitor of SN 2015ba with a pre-explosion mass of 24-26 M. However, the nebular spectra of SN 2015ba exhibit insignificant levels of oxygen, which is otherwise expected from a massive progenitor. This might be suggestive of the non-monotonical link between O-coremasses and the zero-age main sequence mass of pre-supernova stars and/or uncertainties in the mixing scenario in the ejecta of supernovae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2421-2442
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume479
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: individual: IC 1029
  • Supernovae: general
  • Supernovae: individual: SN 2015ba
  • Techniques: photometric
  • Techniques: spectroscopic

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