Smoking is associated with an increased risk of first and recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias in ischemic and nonischemic patients with mild heart failure: A MADIT-CRT substudy

Benjamin Plank, Valentina Kutyifa, Arthur J. Moss, David T. Huang, Anne Christine H. Ruwald, Scott McNitt, Bronislava Polonsky, Wojciech Zareba, Ilan Goldenberg, Mehmet K. Aktas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Limited data exist regarding the proarrhythmic effects of smoking. Objective To evaluate the relationship between smoking and the risk of first and recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTAs) in patients with mild heart failure. Methods The risk of a first and recurrent appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy for VTAs or death was compared between nonsmokers (n = 465), past smokers (n = 780), and current smokers (n = 197) in patients with ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy who were enrolled in the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial-Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy study. Results The cumulative probability of a first VTA or death was significantly higher in current smokers than in past and nonsmokers (P <.001). Multivariate analysis showed that current smokers had a significantly higher risk of first ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation or death (hazard ratio [HR] 1.51; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.14-2.01; P =.005) and a higher risk for first ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation episode (HR 1.54, 95% CI 1.12-2.13, P =.008) than did nonsmokers. Past smokers had a risk of first VTAs or death similar to that of nonsmokers (HR 1.01; 95% CI 0.80-1.27; P =.953). In comparison to nonsmokers, the risk of recurrent VTAs was significantly higher in the total cohort of patients (HR 1.54; 95% CI 1.21-1.95; P <.001) and in the subgroups of patients with ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy (HR 1.48; 95% CI 1.03-2.13; P =.035). Conclusions Current smokers with left ventricular dysfunction and mild heart failure are at a significantly higher risk of VTAs or death than are past smokers and nonsmokers. Smoking is associated with a significant increase in the risk of recurrent VTAs in both patients with ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-827
Number of pages6
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • Smoking
  • Ventricular fibrillation
  • Ventricular tachycardia

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