Skyrmion-like states in two- and three-dimensional dynamical lattices

P. G. Kevrekidis, R. Carretero-González, D. J. Frantzeskakis, B. A. Malomed, F. K. Diakonos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We construct, in discrete two-component systems with cubic nonlinearity, stable states emulating Skyrmions of the classical field theory. In the two-dimensional case, an analog of the baby Skyrmion is built on the square lattice as a discrete vortex soliton of a complex field [whose vorticity plays the role of the Skyrmion's winding number (WN)], coupled to a radial "bubble" in a real lattice field. The most compact quasi-Skyrmion on the cubic lattice is composed of a nearly planar complex-field discrete vortex and a three-dimensional real-field bubble; unlike its continuum counterpart which must have WN=2, this stable discrete state exists with WN=1. Analogs of Skyrmions in the one-dimensional lattice are also constructed. Stability regions for all these states are found in an analytical approximation and verified numerically. The dynamics of unstable discrete Skyrmions (which leads to the onset of lattice turbulence) and their partial stabilization by external potentials are explored too.

Original languageEnglish
Article number026603
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Feb 2007

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