Skeletal and dental response to rapid maxillary expansion with 2- versus 4-band appliances

Moshe Davidovitch*, Stathis Efstathiou, Ofer Sarne, Alexander D. Vardimon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Banding a rapid palatal expansion (RPE) appliance to the 2 first molars has been proposed as an equivalent to the conventional 4-band RPE appliance. However, the dentoskeletal response to this treatment has not been evaluated. Material: Twenty-eight subjects (aged 8-20 years) who required maxillary expansion were matched by age and randomly assigned to either a 2-band or a 4-band RPE group. Skeletal and dental responses were measured from standardized anteroposterior cephalometric and occlusal radiographs and dental casts before treatment (T1), at the end of expansion (T2), and at 1 year postexpansion (T3). Results: At T2, suture expansion was 2.5 times greater and arch perimeter was 6-fold larger in the 4-band than in the 2-band group. Both appliances displayed the typical "V" expansion of the suture and "reverse V" expansion of the dental arch. At T3, remineralization reduced the suture opening by 75%, but 95% to 99% of the dental reaction was maintained. The 2-band group demonstrated a significant inverse age-dependent correlation (r = -0.795), with treatment failure beyond 12 years of age, whereas the 4-band group was age-independent. Conclusions: The greater the skeletal resistance, the smaller the sutural response but the greater the dental response to RPE therapy. Four-band RPE is indicated when severe anterior crowding is accompanied by a tapered arch form, and 2-band RPE is recommended in the mixed dentition when mild crowding occurs with posterior constriction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-492
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2005


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