Sinularia leptoclados (Ehrenberg, 1834) (Cnidaria, Octocorallia) re-examined

Leen P. van Ofwegen, Yehuda Benayahu, Catherine S. Mcfadden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sinularia leptoclados (Ehrenberg, 1834) is re-described. Sinularia leptoclados var. gonatodes Kolonko, 1926 is synonymized with S. maxima Verseveldt, 1977. Two new species of Sinularia with digitiform lobules, leptoclados-type surface clubs and unbranched interior spindles, are described. An updated maximum likelihood tree of Sinularia species with leptoclados-type clubs (clade 5C) based on two mitochondrial genes (mtMutS, COI) and a nuclear gene (28S rDNA) is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-59
Number of pages31
StatePublished - 22 Feb 2013


  • Alcyonacea
  • Indo-pacific
  • New species
  • Phylogeny
  • Re-description
  • Red sea
  • Taxonomy


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