Single versus bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting in patients with low ejection fraction

Ariel Farkash, Dmitri Pevni, Rephael Mohr, Amir Kramer, Tomer Ziv-Baran, Yosef Paz, Nahum Nesher, Yanai Ben-Gal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the standard of care for the treatment of complex coronary artery disease. However, the optimal surgical treatment for patients with reduced left ventricular function with low ejection fraction (EF) is inconclusive. In our center, left-sided coronary grafting with bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) is generally the preferred method for surgical revascularization, also for patients with low EF. We compared early and long-term outcomes between BITA grafting and single internal thoracic artery (SITA) grafting in patients with low EF.We evaluated short- and long-term outcomes of all patients who underwent surgical revascularization in our center during 1996 to 2011, according to EF ≥30% and <30%. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. In addition, patients who underwent BITA and SITA grafting were matched using propensity score matching.In total, 5337 patients with multivessel disease underwent surgical revascularization during the study period. Of them, 394 had low EF. Among these, 188 underwent SITA revascularization and 206 BITA grafting. Those who underwent SITA were more likely to have comorbidities such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, congestive heart failure, chronic renal failure, and a critical preoperative condition including preoperative intra-aortic balloon pump insertion.Statistically significant differences were not observed between the SITA and BITA groups in 30-day mortality (8.5% vs 6.8%, P = .55), sternal wound infection (2.7% vs 1.0%, P = .27), stroke (3.7% vs 6.3%, P = .24), and perioperative myocardial infarction (5.9% vs 2.9%, P = .15). Long-term survival (median follow up of 14 years, interquartile range, 11.2-18.9) was also similar between the groups. Propensity score matching (129 matched pairs) yielded similar early and long-term outcomes for the groups.This study did not demonstrate any clinical benefit for BITA compared with SITA revascularization in individuals with low EF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e22842
Issue number44
StatePublished - 30 Oct 2020


Dive into the research topics of 'Single versus bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting in patients with low ejection fraction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this