Simultaneous laparoscopic biliary and retrocolic gastric bypass in patients with unresectable carcinoma of the pancreas

J. Kuriansky, A. Sáenz, E. Astudillo, V. Cardona, L. Fernández-Cruz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A substantial number of patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer eventually develop biliary or gastric outlet obstruction. In some cases, they present initially with both complications. These conditions contribute markedly to their discomfort and certainly justify palliative intervention. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and safety of simultaneous laparoscopic biliary and gastric bypass in patients with unresectable carcinoma of the pancreas. Methods: Between August 1995 and July 1998, simultaneous laparoscopic biliary and retrocolic gastric bypass was performed successfully in 12 consecutive patients with unresectable carcinoma of the pancreas. There were eight men and four women. Their median age was 72 years (range, 50-82). In all patients, the indications for gastrointestinal bypass were gastric outlet obstruction and obstructive jaundice. The following parameters were evaluated for each patient: procedure-related morbidity and mortality, operative time, length of hospital stay, overall survival, and ability to sustain oral nutrition during the survival period. Results: All procedures were completed laparoscopically. The mean operative time was 89 ± 29.56 min. There were no intraoperative complications. Postoperative morbidity consisted of wound infection in two patients and pneumonia in one patient. One patient died of multiorgan failure on postoperative day 2. The mean hospital stay was 6.4 ± 1.5 days (range, 5-17). The mean survival time until death from underlying disease was 85 ± 32.46 days (range, 31-260). None of the patients had recurrent jaundice, and all of them were able to maintain oral nutrition. Conclusion: Simultaneous laparoscopic biliary and retrocolic gastric bypass is a safe and effective technique for the treatment of biliary and gastroduodenal obstruction in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-181
Number of pages3
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biliary bypass
  • Cancer
  • Gastric bypass
  • Laparoscopic bypass
  • Laparoscopy
  • Palliation
  • Pancreas

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