Similar incidence of hypotension with combined spinal-epidural or epidural alone for knee arthroplasty

Tiberiu Ezri*, Islam Zahalka, Deeb Zabeeda, Zeev Feldbrin, Alexander Eidelman, Reuven Zimlichman, Benjamin Medalion, Shmuel Evron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: We hypothesized that the incidence of hypotension during total knee replacement (TKR) surgery is lower in patients given combined spinal-epidural (CSE) anesthesia vs those receiving epidural anesthesia alone. Methods: In a prospective study, 80 American Society of Anesthesiologists 1-11 patients (aged 40-80 yr), undergoing elective TKR surgery were randomly assigned to either CSE anesthesia (CSE, n = 40) or epidural anesthesia alone (Epidural, n = 40). Hemodynamic measurements included oscillometric mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and cardiac index (CI) as determined by thoracic bioimpedance; systemic vascular resistance (SVR) was calculated. Our primary endpoint (outcome) was the number of hypotension episodes (defined as MAP < 70 mmHg). Results: Using univariate analysis, we found no differences between the groups in regards to MAP, HR, CI, or SVR during the perioperative period. The incidence of hypotension was similar in both groups (two patients in each group), as was the incidence of bradycardia (12 patients in CSE, 7 in Epidural; P = 0.2). There were no differences between groups in other hemodynamic measurements including CI and calculated SVR. Analgesia supplementation with fentanyl was more frequently required in the Epidural group (20 vs 6 patients - P = 0.03). Conclusion: Combined spinal-epidural anesthesia and epidural anesthesia alone during TKR surgery are associated with the same incidence of hypotension with statistically and clinically similar hemodynamic responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-145
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Anesthesia
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006


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