Signs and Symptoms of Acute Bowel Inflammation and the Risk of Progression to Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Retrospective Analysis

Asaf Levartovsky*, Tal Ovdat, Yiftach Barash, Zohar Ben-Shatach, Yael Skinezes, Stuart Jesin, Robert Klempfner, Ehud Grossman, Uri Kopylov, Shomron Ben-Horin, Bella Ungar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Episodes of acute ileitis or colitis have been associated with future development of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Nevertheless, the rate of future IBD among patients diagnosed with signs or symptoms of acute bowel inflammation is unknown. We aimed to assess the risk of IBD development among patients presenting with signs or symptoms of ileitis or colitis. We searched for all patients that visited the emergency department (ED) and underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) who were eventually diagnosed with IBD during gastroenterology follow-ups within 9 years from the index admission. Multivariable models identified possible predictors of patients to develop IBD. Overall, 488 patients visited the ED and underwent abdominal imaging with abnormal findings, and 23 patients (4.7%) were eventually diagnosed with IBD (19 Crohn’s, 4 ulcerative colitis). Patients with a future IBD diagnosis were significantly younger (28 vs. 56 years, p < 0.001) with higher rates of diarrhea as a presenting symptom (17.4% vs. 4.1%, p = 0.015) compared to non-IBD patients. On multivariable analysis, age (p < 0.001), colitis (p = 0.004) or enteritis (p < 0.001) on imaging and a diagnosis of diarrhea in the ED (p = 0.02) were associated with development of IBD. Although alarming to patients and families, ED admission with intestinal inflammatory symptoms leads to eventual diagnosis of IBD in <5% of patients during long-term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4595
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • IBD progression
  • bowel inflammation
  • colitis
  • enteritis
  • imaging
  • prediction

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