Background: It is not clear what is the relative importance of fibrinogen, immunoglobulins, highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations on the appearance of aggregated red blood cells in the peripheral blood. Design: Six hypercholesterolaemic patients undergoing regular LDL apheresis that were examined repeatedly before and following the procedure. Results: We determined the degree of erythrocyte adhesiveness/ aggregation in relation to the concentration of the above-mentioned macromolecules in 80 samples. In a linear logistic regression the respective R2 values for fibrinogen, total cholesterol, triglycerides, hs-CRP, IgG, IgM and IgA were 0.45 (P < 0.0001), 0.2 (P < 0.0001), 0.02 (P = 0.02), 0.001 (P = NS) and 0.002 (P = NS), respectively. We further analyzed the potential of ApoA, ApoB and Lpa to participate in red cell adhesiveness/ aggregation and found them to be not significant. Conclusions: In a milieu of adhesive macromolecules, lipids and inflammation-sensitive proteins including fibrinogen, total cholesterol, triglycerides, hs-CRP and immunoglobins G, M and A, fibrinogen has a dominant role in maintaining the red blood cell adhesiveness/ aggregation in the peripheral venous blood. These findings are relevant for the research directed at finding new apheretic modalities to reduce the degree of red blood cell adhesiveness/aggregation in the peripheral blood.
- Adhesive molecules
- Erythrocyte adhesiveness/aggregation
- LDL apheresis