Side-View Analysis of the Lens: I. the Crystalline Lens and the Evacuated Bag

Ehud I. Assia, David J. Apple*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A new technique for studying the anatomy of the lens and other anterior chamber structures in human eyes obtained post mortem is described. An oblique or side view is achieved by creating a uveoscleral window. This provides a clear three-dimensional view of such structures as the crystalline lens, zonular apparatus, and ciliary body. The crystalline lens is shown to be approximately 4.5 mm thick and 9.5 mm in diameter. The equator of the lens is 0.2 to 0.3 mm from the center of the ciliary body. After removal of lens substance, the capsular bag collapses, its thickness approaches zero, and the total diameter increases to 10.5 mm. Filling of the capsular bag with a viscoelastic material restores the configuration of the lens to its original state. This technique is also useful for demonstrating the dynamics of surgical procedures during cataract operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-93
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes


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