Should the management approach to the anterior abdominal stab wound be different in patients with self-inflicted abdominal injury?

ITG

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Self-inflicted injury is a leading cause of death worldwide. It is hypothesized that due to instincts for self-preservation, the severity of abdominal injury would be decreased following suicidal self-stabbing in comparison to stab wounds from assault, and therefore a more conservative management might be considered. Methods: All patients with isolated abdominal stab wound (SW) admitted to 19 Trauma Centers in Israel between the years 1997 and 2018 were included in the study. Patients with self-inflicted abdominal SW (Group I) were compared to victims with abdominal SW following assault (Group II). Results: Group I included 9.4% (314/3324) of patients eligible for this study. Compared to Group II, Group I patients were older (median: 39 years, IQR 28,52 vs. 24 years, IQR 19,33; p<0.001), had more females (28.7% vs 4.9%, p <0.001), had longer length of hospitalization (median: 3 days vs. 2 days; p<0.001), underwent surgery more frequently (55.4% vs. 37.4%; p<0.001), and had higher mortality (2.9% vs. 0.7%; p=0.003). Possible covariates for mortality were examined and following logistic regression, self-inflicted injury remained associated with higher death rates compared to assault (OR 4.027, CI95% 1.380, 11.749; p=0.011). Conclusion: In this study, patients with isolated self-inflicted abdominal injuries had higher mortality and more frequently underwent abdominal surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-259
Number of pages4
JournalInjury
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Laparotomy
  • Penetrating abdominal trauma
  • Self inflicted injury

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Should the management approach to the anterior abdominal stab wound be different in patients with self-inflicted abdominal injury?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this