Should patients treated with oral anti-coagulants be operated on within 48 h of hip fracture?

Michal Shani, Rina Yahalom, Doron Comaneshter, Keren Holtzman, Dorit Blickstein, Arnon Cohen, Alex Lustman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To investigate if patients treated with oral anticoagulants (OAC) have delayed surgical intervention (more than 48 h) compared to patients without OAC therapy, and if there is an impact to surgery timing on hospitalization length and mortality. A retrospective cohort study of all patients aged over 65 registered with a new diagnosis of hip fracture who underwent surgery in one of the general hospitals run by Clalit, Israel between 01/01/2014 and 31/12/2017. Data was retrieved for patient demographics, OAC treatment, and Charlson comorbidity index. 5828 patients were operated for hip fractures, mean age was 82.8 years (65–108), 4013 (68.8%) were female. 415 were treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) (7.1%) and 311 with warfarin (5.3%) prior to their hospitalization. Patients taking OAC were less likely to be operated within 48 h from arrival to the hospital compared to patients not receiving OAC. The 30 day mortality was 4.2% among patients not receiving OAC, 6.0% among patients taking DOACs and 10.0% among patients receiving warfarin (p < 0.001). Adjusted odds ratio for mortality at 30 day among patients taking DOACs was similar to patients who didn't take OAC. (OR 1.0, CI 0.7, 1.6). The 30 day mortality rate of patients who were receiving OAC (either DOACs or warfarin) was not significantly different whether patients were operated within 48 h or not. Mortality rate was highest among patients taking warfarin. For patients who received DOACs, operation within 48 h wasn't associated with lower mortality rate. In these patients it seemed reasonable to adjust surgery time according to patients' characteristics and needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1132-1137
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Doacs
  • Elderly
  • Hip fracture
  • Oral anticoagulants
  • Warfarin

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