Introduction and objective: Much debate has revolved around whether patients with mucosal ulcerative colitis (MUC) receiving immunosuppression should be weaned off immunosuppressives before undergoing ileal pouch surgery. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the affect of immunosuppressive drugs on postoperative complications after ileoanal pouch surgery. Materials and methods: A retrospective medical record review of patients with MUC who underwent ileal pouch surgery while taking immunosuppressive drugs such as azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), methotrexate, and cyclosporin A was performed. Postoperative complications in the study group were compared to three matched groups: patients with MUC who had ileoanal pouch surgery while taking systemic steroids, patients with MUC not receiving any immunosuppressive drugs, and patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. Results: Twenty-two patients with MUC who underwent ileoanal pouch surgery while taking immunosuppressive drugs were identified from a prospectively entered database of patients who had this surgery between 1988 and 2005. All but two patients underwent temporary fecal diversion. Fifteen patients were taking 6-MP or azathioprine; six were on cyclosporine A, and one both on azathioprine and cyclosporine A. Fifteen patients were also taking steroids at the time of ileoanal pouch surgery. Early (within 30 days of surgery) and late complications occurred in 36 and 50% of the study group patients, respectively, but did not significantly differ from a matched group of patients with MUC who did not take immunosuppressive drugs. Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis had a significantly lower long-term complication rate. Conclusion: This retrospective case-matched study suggests that the use of immunosuppressive drugs and cyclosporine A may not be associated with an increased rate of complications after ileoanal pouch surgery.
- Familial adenomatous polyposis
- Mucosal ulcerative colitis
- Restorative proctocolecomy