Short-term Results and Return to Duty Following Hip Arthroscopy in Soldiers

Yael Steinfeld-Mass, Aharon S. Finestone, Shmuel Fay, Eli Pinchevsky, Liron Gershovitz, Noa Ben Ami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Over the past several years there has been a marked increase in the number of Israel Defense Forces (IDF) soldiers having hip arthroscopy based on magnetic resonance arthrography diagnosis of hip labral tears and/or impingement. OBJECTIVES: To detail characteristics of soldiers who underwent hip arthroscopy and assess outcomes and rate of return to duty. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all soldiers who underwent hip arthroscopy 2018 to 2020, and soldiers referred for hip arthroscopy during 2021. Demographic, medical, and military service data were collected from the computerized patient record. RESULTS: Our study comprised 117 soldiers (29% combatants, 24% females) who underwent hip arthroscopy, mean age 22 ± 3 years, range 18-42; 45% had physiotherapy before surgery; 31% were diagnosed during or within 3 months of having back pain and 20% had been referred for psychological assistance (not related to the hip pain); 15.4% had serious adverse events. The mean time to return to any duty (including clerical work) was 8.0 ± 0.6 months; 56% of the soldiers never returned to service and were discharged from the military. During the one-year follow-up, only 6% returned to their full pre-symptom activity. CONCLUSIONS: The short-term results of IDF soldiers who underwent hip arthroscopy during the study period were much inferior to those reported among athletes. The lack of specificity of the diagnostic tools (history, examination, and imaging) used to determine whether surgery for hip pain is likely to be beneficial in this population may be contributing to over-diagnosis and over-treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-387
Number of pages6
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume24
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022

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