Short stature, onychodysplasia, facial dysmorphism, and hypotrichosis syndrome is caused by a POC1A mutation

Ofer Sarig, Sagi Nahum, Debora Rapaport, Akemi Ishida-Yamamoto, Dana Fuchs-Telem, Li Qiaoli, Ksenya Cohen-Katsenelson, Ronen Spiegel, Janna Nousbeck, Shirli Israeli, Zvi Uri Borochowitz, Gilly Padalon-Brauch, Jouni Uitto, Mia Horowitz, Stavit Shalev, Eli Sprecher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Disproportionate short stature refers to a heterogeneous group of hereditary disorders that are classified according to their mode of inheritance, clinical skeletal and nonskeletal manifestations, and radiological characteristics. In the present study, we report on an autosomal-recessive osteocutaneous disorder that we termed SOFT (short stature, onychodysplasia, facial dysmorphism, and hypotrichosis) syndrome. We employed homozygosity mapping to locate the disease-causing mutation to region 3p21.1-3p21.31. Using whole-exome-sequencing analysis complemented with Sanger direct sequencing of poorly covered regions, we identified a homozygous point mutation (c.512T>C [p.Leu171Pro]) in POC1A (centriolar protein homolog A). This mutation was found to cosegregate with the disease phenotype in two families. The p.Leu171Pro substitution affects a highly conserved amino acid residue and is predicted to interfere with protein function. Poc1, a POC1A ortholog, was previously found to have a role in centrosome stability in unicellular organisms. Accordingly, although centrosome structure was preserved, the number of centrosomes and their distribution were abnormal in affected cells. In addition, the Golgi apparatus presented a dispersed morphology, cholera-toxin trafficking from the plasma membrane to the Golgi was aberrant, and large vesicles accumulated in the cytosol. Collectively, our data underscore the importance of POC1A for proper bone, hair, and nail formation and highlight the importance of normal centrosomes in Golgi assembly and trafficking from the plasma membrane to the Golgi apparatus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-342
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Aug 2012

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