Short stature, celiac disease and growth hormone deficiency

D. Nemet, A. Raz, E. Zifman, H. Morag, A. Eliakim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Celiac disease (CD) is a prevalent, genetically determined, autoimmune, chronic inflammatory state caused by intolerance to gluten that results mainly in gastrointestinal manifestations. One of the most common extra-intestinal manifestations of CD is short stature, and in some patients, short stature may be the presenting and only symptom of the disease, making the diagnosis of CD challenging. Impaired growth in children with CD results mainly from nutritional deficits, and withdrawal of gluten from the diet is frequently associated with a marked improvement of linear growth. In some patients, CD may be characterized by growth hormone (GH) resistance, as suggested by normal or elevated GH levels and low insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels. Rarely, it has been shown that poor catch-up growth and/or IGF-I response to gluten-free diet may be due to the coexistence of celiac disease and GH deficiency. We present two children with coexisting CD and GH deficiency. One patient had MRI findings suggesting congenital isolated GH deficiency, and a possibility of developing multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies later in life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-983
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2009


  • Catch-up growth
  • Celiac disease
  • Gluten-free diet


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