Short- and long-term outcome of lung volume reduction surgery. The predictive value of the preoperative clinical status and lung scintigraphy

Ruth Hardoff, David Shitrit, Ada Tamir, Adam P. Steinmetz, Yodphat Krausz, Mordchai R. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The NETT study assessed the benefits of lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) versus medical treatment. However, data is available only on the early outcome of LVRS (24 months). We evaluate the factors affecting the outcome at one-year and up to 6 years after LVRS. Thirty-seven patients underwent LVRS. Thirty-five patients, who survived the operation for at least one-year, were followed up to 6 years. Patients' laboratory, clinical and scintigraphic data before surgery were reviewed retrospectively, and follow-up at one-year and at the end of data collection. Successful LVRS with improvement of FEV1{greater than or slanted equal to}30% at one-year was observed in 13 of 35 patients. Five of these patients had initial FEV1 values of <20% of the predicted. The group of patients with improvement was younger as compared to the 22 patients without improvement ( P < 0.005). The younger age group used less supplemental oxygen and had a PDiff of >23%. Combinations of age under 60 years and PDiff >23% were a favorable factor ( P < 0.002) for successful LVRS. Thirty-four patients were followed up to 6 years. Fifteen of the 34 patients (44.1%) remained well. Use of supplemental oxygen before surgery, and FEV1 improvement of {greater than or slanted equal to}30% at one-year after surgery were good prognostic factors. We concluded that the long-term success of LVRS is affected by non-dependence on oxygen supplementation before surgery, and the one-year post-surgical improvement of FEV1 ({greater than or slanted equal to}30%). Based on our findings, the subgroup of patients below 60 years old with severe disease (FEV1<20%) and heterogeneous upper lobe emphysema (Pdiff>23%) has improved outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1041-1049
Number of pages9
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Volume100
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COPD
  • Emphysema
  • Lung scintigraphy
  • Lung volume reduction surgery
  • Oxygen therapy

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