Shigella Bacteremia in Adults: A Report of Five Cases and Review of the Literature

Gabriel Morduchowicz, David Huminer, Yardena Siegman Igra, Moshe Drucker, Colin S. Block, Silvio D. Pitlik

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47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Shigella bacteremia is rare, occurring mainly in children. We describe five adult patients with Shigella bacteremia and review data on 22 cases reported in the English-language medical literature. Eighteen (67%) of 27 patients had either an underlying condition or were aged older than 65 years. Most patients had clinical signs of acute febrile gastroenteritis. However, in six patients, the organism was not isolated from stool. Species isolated from blood included Shigella flexneri in 11 patients, Shigella sonnei in eight, and Shigella boydii and Shigella dysenteriae in one patient each. Isolation of the bacterium from blood only was associated with a high mortality rate, in contrast to its isolation both from blood and stool. It is suggested that blood cultures should be obtained from elderly or immunocompromised patients with acute febrile gastroenteritis to detect shigellemia as well as bacteremia caused by other enteric pathogens, such as Salmonella or Campylobacter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2034-2037
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Volume147
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1987

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