Sharing qualitative research findings with participants: Study experiences of methodological and ethical dilemmas

Hadass Goldblatt*, Orit Karnieli-Miller, Melanie Neumann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations


Objective: Sharing qualitative research findings with participants, namely member-check, is perceived as a procedure designed to enhance study credibility and participant involvement. It is rarely used, however, and its methodological usefulness and ethical problems have been questioned. This article explores benefits and risks in applying member-check when studying healthcare topics, questioning the way it should be performed. Methods: We discuss researchers' experiences in applying member-check, using four examples from three different studies: healthcare-providers' experiences of working with sexual-abuse survivors; adolescents' exposure to domestic-violence, and delivering and receiving bad news. Results: Methodological and ethical difficulties can arise when performing member-check, challenging the day-to-day researcher-participant experience, and potentially, the physician-patient relationship. Conclusion: Applying member-check in healthcare settings is complex. Although this strategy has good intentions, it is not necessarily the best method for achieving credibility. Harm can be caused to participants, researchers and the doctor-patient relationship, risking researchers' commitment to ethical principles. Practice implications: Because participants' experience regarding member-check is difficult to predict, such a procedure should be undertaken cautiously. Prior to initiating member-check, researchers should ask themselves whether such a procedure is potentially risky for participants; and if anonymity cannot be guaranteed, use alternative procedures when needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-395
Number of pages7
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
Software AG – Stiftung


    • Credibility
    • Ethical dilemmas
    • Member-check
    • Qualitative research
    • Trustworthiness


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