Severe refractory status epilepticus owing to presumed encephalitis

Uri Kramer*, Zamir Shorer, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Tally Lerman-Sagie, Hadassa Goldberg-Stern, Eli Lahat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The severe refractory type of status epilepticus is very rare in the pediatric population. Eight children with the severe refractory type of status epilepticus owing to presumed encephalitis are described. The age at the onset of status epilepticus of the eight study children ranged between 2.5 and 15 years. Seven of the eight children presented with fever several days prior to the onset of seizures. A comprehensive clinical and laboratory investigation failed to delineate a cause for their seizures. Burst suppression coma was induced by pentothal, midazolam, propofol, or ketamine in all of the children. The mean duration of anesthesia was 28 days (range 4-62 days), but the seizures persisted in spite of repeated burst suppression cycles in all of them. Two children died. Four of the surviving children continued to suffer from seizures, and cognitive sequelae were present throughout follow-up in four children. In summary, the severe refractory type of status epilepticus of the acute symptomatic type owing to relatively mild encephalitis carries a high mortality rate and poor morbidity in terms of seizures and cognition at follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-187
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

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