Serum Obestatin: A Biomarker of Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients

Ilia Beberashvili, Anna Katkov, Inna Sinuani, Ada Azar, Gregory Shapiro, Leonid Feldman, Oleg Gorelik, Kobi Stav, Shai Efrati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Recent experimental studies have suggested that obestatin, a proposed anorexigenic gut hormone and a physiological opponent of acyl-ghrelin, has protective cardiovascular effects. We tested the hypothesis that obestatin is independent of inflammatory mediators and/or acyl-ghrelin in predicting outcomes of the maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) population. Methods: It was a 6-year cohort study on 261 MHD patients. Obestatin, acyl-ghrelin, adipokines (leptin and adiponectin), markers of inflammation and nutrition, prospective all-cause and cardiovascular mortality were studied. Results: During the follow-up, 160 patients died in total, with 74 deaths due to cardiovascular causes. For each ng/mL increase in baseline obestatin level in fully adjusted models (including malnutrition-inflammation score, Interleukin-6 [IL-6], adipokines and acyl-ghrelin), the hazard for death from all causes was 0.90 (95% CI 0.81-0.99) and for cardiovascular death 0.85 (95% CI 0.73-0.99). However, these associations were more robust in the subgroup of patients aged above 71 years: 0.85 (95% CI 0.73-0.98) for all-cause death and 0.66 (95% CI 0.52-0.85) for cardiovascular death. An interaction between high IL-6 (above median) and low obestatin (below median) levels for increased risk of all-cause mortality (synergy index [SI] 5.14, p = 0.001) and cardiovascular mortality (SI 4.81, p = 0.02) emerged in the development of multivariable adjusted models. Interactions were also observed between obestatin, Tumor necrosis factor-Alpha, adipokines and acyl-ghrelin, which were associated with mortality risk. Conclusion: Serum obestatin behaves as a biomarker for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in MHD patients. The prognostic ability of obestatin in this regard is independent of inflammation, nutritional status, acyl-ghrelin's and adipokines' activity and is modified by age being very prominent in patients older than 71 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-265
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • Adiponectin
  • Cardiovascular mortality
  • Ghrelin
  • Hemodialysis
  • Interleukin-6
  • Leptin
  • Mortality
  • Obestatin
  • Tumor necrosis factor-Alpha

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