Serum amyloid type A may be a predictor of restenosis

Arnon Blum, Giora Kaplan, Nurit Vardinon, Israel Yust, Michael Burke, Shlomo Laniado, Hylton Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Elevation of acute phase proteins [C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid type A (SAA)] has been demonstrated in unstable angina with an adverse clinical prognosis. Hypothesis: The study was undertaken to determine the effect of angioplasty on the levels of SAA and the correlation with postangioplasty restenosis. Methods: In a university-affiliated tertiary medical center, a prospective case study was undertaken in 55 patients who underwent successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of a single coronary lesion for angina pectoris. Three groups of patients were clinically characterized according to Braunwald's classification of anginal syndrome: Group A: class III; Group B: class I; Group C: stable angina. Serum amyloid type A was measured by an ELISA method before PTCA and after 24 h, 1, and 3 months. Patients were followed clinically for 12 months. A thallium stress perfusion scan was performed 3 months after PTCA and coronary angiography was repeated in patients with an abnormal thallium perfusion scan. Results: Serum amyloid type A levels >100 μg/ml could identify Group A patients with a high sensitivity and specificity (r = 0.85 and 0.86, respectively). Of the patients studied, 75% increased their SAA level 24 h after angioplasty. An increase of SAA by >100% was associated with an increased risk of restenosis, with a relative risk of 6.4 (p<0.05). Conclusion: Increased levels of SAA characterize patients with unstable angina pectoris with a high specificity and sensitivity. Levels of SAA that increase >100% 24 h after angioplasty may serve as a marker of restenosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-658
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Cardiology
Volume21
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Inflammation
  • Restenosis
  • Serum amyloid type A

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