Serology of Patients with Ulcerative Colitis after Pouch Surgery Is More Comparable with that of Patients with Crohn's Disease

Idan Goren, Lior Yahav, Hagit Tulchinsky, Iris Dotan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The serologic status of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) who develop postoperative pouchitis was compared with that of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and unoperated patients with UC. Methods: Pouch patients were stratified into normal pouch, acute/recurrent acute pouchitis, and chronic pouchitis/Crohn's-like disease of the pouch groups. Antibodies against glycans associated with CD (anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae, anti-laminaribioside, anti-chitobioside, and anti-mannobioside carbohydrate antibodies [ASCA, ALCA, ACCA, and AMCA, respectively]) were detected and correlated with type of inflammatory bowel disease and pouch behavior. Results: A total of 501 patients with inflammatory bowel diseases were recruited: 250 (50%) CD, 124 (24.7%) unoperated UC, and 127 (25.3%) UC-pouch. At least 1 positive antibody was detected in 77.6% CD, 52.0% UC-pouch and 33.1% unoperated UC (P < 0.0001 for all). ACCA and AMCA prevalence in CD, UC-pouch and unoperated patients with UC were 33.2%, 24.4%, and 16.9% (P 0.003 for all) and 35.2%, 26.8%, and 7.3%, respectively (P < 0.0001 for all). ALCA and ASCA were more prevalent in patients with CD than unoperated UC and UC-pouch patients. A longer interval since pouch surgery was associated with inflammatory pouch behavior: 12.45, 11.39, and 8.5 years for acute/recurrent acute pouchitis, chronic pouchitis/Crohn's-like disease of the pouch, and normal pouch, respectively, P 0.01 for all. Conclusions: The prevalence of the CD-associated anti-glycan antibodies ACCA and AMCA is significantly increased in UC-pouch patients, suggesting that pouch surgery may trigger differential immune responses to glycans. The finding that the serology of UC-pouch patients shares similarities with that of patients with CD supports the notion that those 2 inflammatory bowel diseases share a common pathogenic pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2289-2295
Number of pages7
JournalInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • IBD
  • pouch
  • pouchitis
  • serology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Serology of Patients with Ulcerative Colitis after Pouch Surgery Is More Comparable with that of Patients with Crohn's Disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this