Self-recognition, structure, stability, and guest affinity of pyrogallol[4]arene and resorcin[4]arene capsules in solution

Liat Avram, Yoram Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the present study, we used diffusion NMR to probe the structures and characteristics of the products obtained from the self-assembly of resorcin[4]arenes 1a and 1b and pyrogallol[4]arenes 2a and 2b in CDCI 3 solutions. It was found that all four molecules self-assemble into hexameric capsules. The hexameric capsules of pyrogallol[4]arenes 2a and 2b were found to be more stable than the capsules of resorcin[4]arenes 1a and 1b in polar media. We also studied the role of water molecules in the self-assembly of the different capsules and found that water molecules are part of the hexameric capsules of resorcin[4]arenes 1a and 1b but not in the capsules of pyrogallol[4]arenes 2a and 2b. It was found that the self-assembly process between the resorcin[4]arenes and pyrogallol[4]arenes proceeds with self-recognition. When mixing two macrocycles of different types in a chloroform solution, no heterohexamers are formed, only the capsule constructed from the same macrocycle is detected. However, when two resorcin[4]arenes (i.e., 1a and 1b) or two pyrogallol[4]arenes (i.e., 2a and 2b) are mixed, heterohexamers are formed over time. In addition, we found that resorcin[4]arenes and pyrogallol[4]arenes differ significantly in their guest affinity. The capsules of 1a and 1b can accommodate both the tertiary alkylamines and their respective ammonium salts, while the capsules of 2a and 2b encapsulate only the neutral tertiary alkylamines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11556-11563
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume126
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Sep 2004

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Self-recognition, structure, stability, and guest affinity of pyrogallol[4]arene and resorcin[4]arene capsules in solution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this