Self-organized settlements

A. Daffertshofer*, H. Haken, J. Portugali

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


In the present study we address the question of how persons or families occupy specific locations according to an attractiveness function between persons and flats. We suggest a mathematically formulated model in order to find optimal distributions of persons over flats. The model maximizes the global attractiveness of the ensemble and accounts for various conflicting situations. Its solutions show that, depending on initial conditions, both optimal as well as suboptimal configurations can be reached. An interpretation of the approach in terms of mental maps is offered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-102
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironment and Planning B: Planning and Design
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


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