Self-organization and design as a complementary pair

J. A. Scott Kelso*, Egbert Stolk, Juval Portugali

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Self-organization implies that order and regularity can come into being (emerge) spontaneously as a purely bottom-up process. Design implies the exact opposite: that order and organization come into being by virtue of a designer in a top-down manner. In this paper we treat these apparent contraries as a complementary pair, and use the notion of SIRN to show how they may coexist.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Proceedings in Complexity
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Complexity
ISSN (Print)2213-8684
ISSN (Electronic)2213-8692


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