Self-esteem, need for achievement and sex-role orientation among Kibbutz and urban men and women

Thalma E. Lobel*, Ornit Agami-Rozenblat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The study compared the academic aspirations and several personality characteristics of young Kibbutz and urban males and females. One hundred and twenty 18- to 22-year-old Kibbutz and urban males and females completed the Rosenberg global self-esteem scale and the Fleming and Courtney scale which includes self-regard, social confidence, academic self-esteem, physical appearance and physical abilities. In addition they completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory, and need for achievement inventory. The results indicated that, as predicted, Kibbutz females had significantly lower academic aspirations and lower academic self-esteem and need for achievement than the other three groups. Kibbutz individuals also had lower social self-esteem than urban individuals. Only sex differences were found on global self-esteem as well as on femininity/masculinity. The results support the view that self-esteem is a multidimensional construct and suggest that socialization on the Kibbutz affects not only females' academic aspirations, but also their fundamental beliefs in their intellectual abilities either directly or indirectly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-529
Number of pages7
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1993


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