Self-Efficacy Appraisals and Test-Taking Behavior of Students from Culturally Diverse Populations.

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This study examined the relationships between self-efficacy calibration and test-taking behavior as measured by the percentage of skipped items, unreached items, and incorrect responses on a mathematics test. Jewish and Arab 8th graders in four achievement levels, as defined by quartiles of the test score distribution, were compared with respect to their mathematics self-efficacy and their test-taking behavior. The results indicated that in every achievement level Arab students as compared to their Jewish counterparts tended to report higher levels of self-efficacy and to attempt more items on the test, which resulted in a higher rate of incorrect responses. The results support previous research findings pointing to the detrimental effect that overestimation of SE has on performance. The results were discussed with reference to the metacognitive processes involved in estimation of self-efficacy and in test performance. The identified gaps between the two ethnic groups were discussed in light of the learning culture that characterizes each of them. The contribution of the Israeli context, whereby students from two culturally diverse groups study according to the same mathematics curriculum but in separate schools, to understanding factors underlying culture-related group differences in mathematics test performance was underscored.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalISRN Education
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • Students' conduct of life
  • Self-efficacy in students
  • Test-taking skills
  • Metacognition
  • Schools
  • Demographic characteristics
  • Mathematics


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